Delhi Sultanate

The rulers who ruled substantial parts of the North India between AD 1200 to AD 1526 were termed as Sultans and the period of their rule as the Delhi Sultanate. These rulers were of Turkish and Afghan origin. They established their rule in India after defeating the Indian ruling dynasties which were mainly Rajputs in … Continue reading Delhi Sultanate


Lodi Dynasty (1451–1526)

Contents Bahlol Lodi (AD 1451–1489) Sikandar Lodi (AD 1489–1517) Ibrahim Lodi (AD 1517–1526) .. Bahlol Lodi (AD 1451–1489) With the help of a few nobles Bahlol Lodi (AD 1451–1489) took charge of the army, and became the Sultan. Thus he laid the foundation of Lodi dynasty whose rulers were Afghans. The Lodis were the last … Continue reading Lodi Dynasty (1451–1526)

Sayyid Dynasty (1414–1451)

After defeating the army of Delhi in 1398 Timur appointed Khizr Khan as the ruler of Multan. Khizr Khan defeated Sultan Daulat Khan and occupied Delhi and founded Sayyid dynasty. He did not assume the title of Sultan but was comfortable with Rayati- Ala. The author of the Tarikh-i-Mubarak Shahi, Yahya Sirhindi claims that the … Continue reading Sayyid Dynasty (1414–1451)

The Tughlaqs (1320–1412)

The founder of the Tughlaq dynasty was Ghazi Malik who ascended the throne as Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq in AD 1320 and this dynasty ruled till AD 1412. Ghiyasuddin rose to an important position in the reign of Alauddin Khalji. After a brief rule Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq died in AD 1325 and his son Muhammad Tughlaq ascended the … Continue reading The Tughlaqs (1320–1412)

The Khaljis (1290–1320)

Contents Jalaluddin Khalji (AD 1290–1296) Alauddin Khalji (AD 1296–1316) End Of Khalji Dynasty .. Jalaluddin Khalji (AD 1290–1296) Jalaluddin Khalji laid the foundation of the Khalji dynasty. He ascended the throne at the age of 70 years and ruled only for a short span of six years. Although Jalaluddin retained the earlier nobility in his administration, … Continue reading The Khaljis (1290–1320)

Progress versus Security

We have been an exclusive people, proud of our past and of our heritage and trying to build walls and barriers to preserve it. Yet in spite of our race-consciousness and the growing rigidity of caste, we have, like others who take such pride in the purity of their racial stock, developed into a strange … Continue reading Progress versus Security

India’s Urge To Freedom

The East bowed low before the blast In patient, deep disdain; She let the legions thunder past, and plunged in thought again. So says the poet and his lines are often quoted. It is true that the east, or at any rate that part of it which is called India, has been enamoured of thinking, … Continue reading India’s Urge To Freedom