Establishment Of The Mughal Rule


The establishment and consolidation of Delhi Sultanate happened from 1206 to 1526. During this period the rulers were Turks and Afghans.

Throughout the Sultanate period there was constant struggle between the various Turkish groups and Afghans. The disintegration of the Delhi Sultanate led to the emergence of various regional powers. Therefore, when Babur invaded India in 1526 the central power of the Sultanate had substantially weakened and there were a number of independent kingdoms. The Delhi and adjoining regions were under Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. Other Important kingdoms were Gujarat, Malwa, Bengal, Bijapur, Golconda, Ahmednagar, Berar, Mewar and Vijaynagar empire in the South. Besides, a large number of smaller autonomous chiefs were also ruling in different parts of the country.

At this point, the conquest of India was done by a new ruling dynasty – the Mughals.

The Mughals were led by an able military commander and administrator from Central Asia named Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur. His successors were successful in establishing an all India empire gradually. Lets read the details of this process of conquests and consolidation –

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Bibliography : NIOS – Medieval India

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