Ancient India – Ram Sharan Sharma


Old NCERT – Ancient India – Ram Sharan Sharma

  1. The Importance of Ancient Indian History
  2. The Construction of Ancient Indian History
    • Material Remains
    • Coins
    • Inscriptions
    • Literary Sources
    • Foreign Accounts
    • Historical Sense
  3. The Geographical Setting
  4. The Stone Age
    • The Old Stone Age
    • Phases in the Palaeolithic Age
    • The Late Stone Age
    • The New Stone Age
  5. The Stone-Copper Phase
    • Chalcolithic Settlements
    • Chalcolithic Cultures
    • Importance of the Chalcolithic Phase
    • Limitations of Chalcolithic Cultures
    • The Copper Age in India
  6. The Harappan Civilization
    • Geographical Extent
    • Town Planning and Structures
    • Agriculture
    • Domestication of Animals
    • Technology and Crafts
    • Trade
    • Political Organization
    • Religious Practices
    • The Male Deity in the Indus Valley
    • Tree and Animal Worship
    • The Harappan Script
    • Weights and Measures
    • Harappan Pottery
    • Seals
    • Images
    • Terracotta Figurines
    • Origin, Maturity and End
  7. Advent of the Aryans and the Age of the Rig Veda
    • Original Home and Identity
    • Tribal Conflicts
    • Material Life
    • Tribal Polity
    • Tribe and Family
    • Social Divisions
    • Rig Vedic Gods
  8. The Later Vcdic Phase : Transition to State and Social Formation
    • Expansion in the Later Vedic Period (c. 1000-600 B.C.)
    • The PGW
    • Iron Phase Culture and Later Vedic Economy
    • Political Organization
    • Social Organization
    • Gods, Rituals and Philosophy
  9. Jainism and Buddhism
    • Causes of Origin
    • Vardhamana Mahavira and Jainism
    • Doctrines of Jainism
    • Spread of Jainism
    • Contribution of Jainism
    • Gautama Buddha and Buddhism
    • Doctrines of Buddhism
    • Special Features of Buddhism and the Causes of its Spread
    • Causes of the Decline of Buddhism
    • Importance and Influence of Buddhism
  10. Territorial States and the First Magadhan Empire
    • The Mahajanapadas
    • Rise and Growth of the Magadhan Empire
    • Causes of Magadha’s Success
  11. Iranian and Macedonian Invasions
    • Iranian Invasion
    • Results of the Contact
    • Alexander’s Invasion
    • Effects of Alexander’s Invasion
  12. State and Varna Society in the Age of the Buddha
    • Material Life
    • Administrative System
    • Army and Taxation
    • The Republican Experiment
    • Social Orders and Legislation
  13. The Age of the Mauryas
    • Chandragupta Maurya
    • Imperial Organization
    • Asoka (273-232 B.C)
    • Asokan Edicts
    • Impact of the Kalinga War
    • Internal Policy and Buddhism
    • Asoka’s Place in History
  14. Significance of the Maurya Rule
    • State Control
    • Economic Regulations
    • Spread of Material Culture
    • Causes of the Fall of the Maurya Empire
  15. Central Asian Contacts and Their Results
    • The Indo-Greeks
    • The Sakas
    • The Parthians
    • The Rushans
    • Impact of Central Asian Contacts
  16. The Age of the Satavahanas
    • Political History
    • Aspects of Material Culture
    • Social Organization
    • Pattern of Administration
    • Religion
    • Architecture
    • Language
  17. The Dawn of History in the Deep South
    • The Megahthic Background
    • Three Early Kingdoms
    • The Purse and the Sword
    • Rise of Social Classes
    • Beginnings of Brahmanism
    • Tamil Language and Sangam Literature
  18. Crafts, Trade and Towns in the Post-Mauryan Age
    • Crafts
    • Foreign Trade
    • Urban Settlements
  19. The Rise and Growth of the Gupta Empire
    • Background
    • Samudragupta (c. A D. 335-380)
    • Chandragupta II ( c . A.D. 380-412)
    • Fall of the Empire
  20. Life in the Gupta Age
    • System of Administration
    • Decline of Trade and Rise of Landed Classes
    • Social Developments
    • Buddhism and Brahmanism
    • Art
    • Literature
    • Science and Technology
  21. Spread of Civilization in Eastern India
    • Signs of Civilization
    • Orissa and Eastern and Southern Madhya Pradesh
    • Bengal
    • Assam
    • The Formative Phase
  22. Harsha and His Times
    • Harsha’s Kingdom
    • Administration
    • Hsuan Tsang’s Account
    • Buddhism and Nalanda
  23. Formation of New States and Rural Expansion in the Peninsula
    • The New Phase
    • States of the Deccan and South India
    • Conflict between the Pallavas and the Chalukyas
    • Temples
    • Demands on the Peasantry
    • Rural Expansion
    • Social Structure
  24. India’s Cultural Contacts with the Asian Countries
  25. Transformation of the Ancient Phase
    • Social Crisis and the Origin of Land Grants
    • Decline of Central Control
    • New Agrarian Economy
    • Decline of Trade and Towns
    • Changes m the Varna System
    • Cultural Developments
    • Bhakti and Tantricism
  26. Sequence of Social Changes
    • Tribal and Pastoral Phase
    • Agriculture and the Origin of Upper Orders
    • Varna System of Production and Government
    • Social Crisis and Rise of Landed Classes
    • Summary
  27. Legacy in Science and Civilization
    • Religion and Formation of Social Classes
    • Philosophical Systems
    • Crafts
    • Polity
    • Science and Mathematics
    • Medicine
    • Geography
    • Art and Literature

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