Right Against Exploitation


Articles In The Constitution (23 – 24)

In India there are millions of people who are underprivileged and deprived. They may be subjected to exploitation by their fellow human beings.

  • One such form of exploitation in our country has been begar or forced labour without payment.
  • Another closely related form of exploitation is buying and selling of human beings as goods and commodities for immoral purposes such as slavery and prostitution.

Both of these are prohibited under the Constitution.

The people of India were exploited not only by the British but also by the money lenders, zamindars and other wealthy persons in the past. This system was called forced labour. Some form of bonded labour still continues in the country, specially in brick-kiln work. It has now been declared a crime and it is punishable.

The Constitution also provides safeguards for children. It forbids employment of children below the age of 14 years in dangerous jobs like factories, mines or hazardous occupations. With child labour being made illegal and right to education becoming a fundamental right for children, this right against exploitation has become more meaningful.

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Bibliography : NIOS – Political Science & NCERT – Indian Constitution At Work

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