Critical Nouns


Contents

  1. Alliteration
  2. Analogy
  3. Argument
  4. Central/Main Idea
  5. Conclusions
  6. Connections
  7. Connotative/Figurative Language
  8. Details
  9. Evidence
  10. Illustrations
  11. Metaphor & Simile
  12. Point of View
  13. Rhetoric
  14. Stanza
  15. Structure
  16. Theme
  17. Tone and Mood

..

Alliteration

Definition

words in a row with the same initial consonant sound.

Jingle

Alliteration allows a sound,
To actually astound !!

Betty Botter bought some butter, but, she said, the butter’s bitter; if I put it in my batter it will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter will make my batter better.

Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers. A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked. If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?

..

Analogy

Definition

figuring out how things are related; a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based; when two different things share characteristics that lead to a comparison between them

Analogies help us look at things that appear dissimilar and find their similarities. Analogies develop logic.

This is to that as what is to which

Fish is to swim as bird is to fly.
Dog is to run as rabbit is to hop.
Broccoli is to green as corn is to yellow.

Synonyms

parallel ideas, correlation, comparison, similarity, likeness

Jingle

A is to B as C is to D,
I can make an analogy !!

..

Argument

Definition

a reason or set of reasons that something is true

Synonyms

case, reason, claim

Jingle

Let’s argue! Let’s argue! But I don’t want to fight,
I will find the facts to prove that I am right !!

..

Central/Main Idea

Definition

most important point the author makes

Synonyms

chief, key, foremost

Jingle

What’s the big idea you will find next?
The author’s key point of his text !!

..

Conclusions

Definition

making up your mind based on evidence

Synonyms

determination, deductions, inferences, assumptions

Jingle

If you jump to a conclusion,
You may cause some confusion !!

..

Connections

Definition

relating what you read to something else you know

Synonyms

links, associations, relations

Jingle

Make a connection; make a link,
Use your head and think, think, think !!

..

Connotative/Figurative Language

Connotative Language

Definition

the association that a word brings to mind; emotion determines the definition

Jingle

Connotative meanings deal with emotion,
Word choice can be a powerful potion !!

Figurative Language

Definition

changes the literal meaning, to make a meaning fresh or clearer, to express complexity, to capture a physical or sensory effect, or to extend meaning

Jingle

Simile, metaphor, onomatopoeia, idiom,
Figurative language makes learning fun !!

..

Details

Definition

isolated facts; points of information

Synonyms

facts, specifics, fine points, items

Jingle

A detail is a fact,
That keeps you right on track !!

..

Evidence

Definition

knowledge on which to base a belief; facts or information helpful in forming a conclusion or judgment; details that support an assumption

Synonyms

proof, indications, confirmation

Jingle

Evidence is simply proof,
Without it, you may goof !!

..

Illustrations

Definition

visual material used to clarify or add to a text

illustrate, illustrating, illustrated, illustrative, illustrator

Synonyms

art, pictures, photos, diagrams, graphics, representations, examples, charts

Jingle

Illustrations add to the reading,
Important info you’ll be needing !!

v015

..

Metaphor & Simile

Metaphor

Definition

an indirect comparison; an implied comparison using a form of the verb “to be,” usually is or are

I was an ice-cube.

Jingle

A metaphor makes two things the same,
By giving one the other’s name !!

Simile

Definition

a direct comparison using like or as

I was as cold as an ice-cube.

Jingle

Use similes to compare,
Be sure like or as is always there !!

..

Point of View

Definition

the vantage point from which a story is told

Jingle

Is it in first, second, or third?
How did the author want to be heard?

..

Rhetoric

Definition

language designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect on its audience; the art of writing or speaking effectively

Jingle

You will do what I say,
If I write in a rhetorical way !!

..

Stanza

Definition

a fancy poetry word for paragraph

Synonyms

verse, section

Jingle

A stanza is a room,
Where poetry can bloom !!

..

Structure

Definition

how the information within a written text is organized

Synonyms

arrangement, organization

Jingle

The structure of a text,
Helps you know what will come next !!

..

Theme

Definition

a unified idea carried through a text; the universal idea that an author is trying to get across

Jingle

Theme is the message you will find,
Woven by the author through your mind !!

..

Tone and Mood

Definition

Tone : the author’s attitude or outlook

Mood : the way the author makes the reader feel

Jingle

Tone is in the author’s head,
Mood is my feelings as I read !!

Types of Tone

formal, informal, serious, humorous, amused, angry, playful, neutral, satirical, gloomy, conciliatory, sad, resigned, cheerful, ironic, clear, detailed, imploring, suspicious, witty

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s