Various aspects of natural resources like land, soil, water, forest, mineral, wild life and the distribution of these resources as well as direction and pace of their exploitation and utilization for development are studied in relation to people living in the country.
- are not mere consumers;
- acts as developers or managers of natural resource;
- constitute the most important resources of a country, i.e., human resource; as human resource following is considered –
- their educational and health status;
- their vocational, technical, and social skills;
- their aspirations, value system including work habits or “work ethics”.
India is the second most populous country in the world next only to China. On March 1, 2001 the total population of India was at 1027 million. This accounted for 16.7% of the world’s total population. In other words, about every sixth person in the world there is an Indian. China, the most populous country of the world, is a step ahead of us as every fifth person in the world there is a Chinese. While India possesses only 2.42% of the world’s total land area, she is required to sustain almost 17% of the world’s population.
In terms of area, India stands seventh preceded by Russia, Canada, China, the United States of America, Brazil and Australia. Barring China, the total population of these large five countries is far less than that of India. The total area of these five countries is over sixteen times whereas their total population is much less than that of India. This may partly explain how handicapped we are because of our huge population. It can also be revealed from the fact that the total population of North America, South America and Australia added together is less than the population of India. On the top of it, we are adding over 17 million people each year. It is more than the total population of Australia. In fact the net addition to Chinese population each year is less than ours.
Bibliography : NIOS Geography Book