The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries is one of the departments under the Ministry of Agriculture. The department is responsible for matters relating to livestock production, preservation, protection and improvement of stocks, dairy development, matters relating to the Delhi Milk Scheme and the National Dairy Development Board. It also looks after all matters pertaining to fisheries, which includes inland and marine sectors and matters related to the National Fisheries Development Board.
The Department advises the state governments and union territories in the formulation of policies and programmes in the field of animal husbandry, dairy development and fisheries.
The main focus of the activities is on –
- (a) development of requisite infrastructure in states/union territories for improving animal productivity;
- (b) promoting infrastructure for handling, processing and marketing of milk and milk products;
- (c) preservation and protection of livestock through provision of health care;
- (d) strengthening of central livestock farms (cattle, sheep and poultry) for development of superior germ-plasm for distribution to states; and
- (e) expansion of aquaculture in fresh and brackish water, development of marine fisheries infrastructure and post harvest operations and welfare of fisherfolk, etc.
Animal husbandry, dairying and fisheries activities play an important role in national economy and in socioeconomic development of the country. These activities have contributed to the food basket, nutrition security, household income of the farmers and play a significant role in generating gainful employment in the rural areas, particularly among the landless, small and marginal farmers and women, besides providing cheap and nutritious food.
Livestock are the best insurance for farmers against vagaries of nature like drought and other natural calamities.
Bibliography : India Year Book ( PUBLICATIONS DIVISION – GOI )