Livestock Improvement


India has been holding the position of leading milk producing nation in the world for the last several years with sustainable increase in the annual milk production wherein the research developments played a crucial role.

Studies showed that average first lactation 305 day milk yield of cows was 3,703.6±31.3 kg and average age at first calving was 1,036.6±10.2 days.

Under Conservation and Genetic Improvement of Indigenous Cattle Breeds, the milk yield showed an increasing trend among the progenies of different sets, and average 305 day milk yield increased from 1,958 kg in first set to 2,604 kg in 10th set.

Semen doses of Gir, Kankrej, Sahiwal were produced and utilized for insemination. Cloning of the only alive wild-buffalo of Chhattisgarh has opened up new avenues of cloning technology application in conservation of endangered species. Prolific sheep strain GMM × P (Garole-Malpura- Malpura -Patanwadi) revealed a multiple birth of 50 per cent.

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Bibliography : India Year Book ( PUBLICATIONS DIVISION – GOI )

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