Fishing has been an important occupation of the people in the coastal areas. However, in spite of having a long coastline and broad continental shelf, India’s fishing industry is still largely in a developing stage. Modernization on limited scale has started recently.

Fisheries are of two types –

  • (i) the inland and
  • (ii) the open sea.

The inland fishing is done in rivers, tanks, ponds and canals. The major rivers like Brahmaputra, Ganga, Satluj, Narmada, Mahanadi and Godavari; and numerous tanks and ponds are tapped for fishing. Inland fish production is accounted for two fifths or 40 percent of total fish production in India during 1995-96.

Open sea fishing or marine fishing, done in sea water, is caught in shallow water in our country. More than two-thirds of marine fish is landed on western coast of India. While remaining one-third on the eastern coast . India caught 5.6 lakhs tonnes of fish during 2000-01.

Though, India has huge potential for fishing but the actual catch is very small. The main factors responsible for poor performance in fishing are –

  • traditional methods,
  • wooden loge made boats,
  • driven by human energy, and
  • poor socio-economic conditions of the fishermen.

In order to increase fish production and trade, the Government has taken a number of steps including –

  • (i) financial assistance to fishermen
  • (ii) introduction of large vessels
  • (iii) better harbours and breathing facilities
  • (iv) provision of refrigerated wagons and road transport facility
  • (v) introduction of accident insurance scheme and
  • (vi) marketing of fish on co-operative basis.

The rapid increase in the production of fish in the country is called Blue Revolution. This is synonymous with shrimp farming or Aquaplosion.


Bibliography : NIOS Geography Book



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