Poverty Alleviation And Employment Generation Programmes In India


The government is following a focused approach through various flagship schemes in the areas of poverty alleviation and employment generation to achieve inclusive development.

  1. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Work (MGNREGA)
  2. National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) – Aajeevika
  3. Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Work (MGNREGA)

This flagship programme of the government aims at enhancing livelihood security of households in rural areas by providing at least one hundred days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work with the stipulation of one-third participation of women. The MGNREGA provides wage employment while also focusing on strengthening natural resource management through works that address causes of chronic poverty like drought, deforestation, and soil erosion and thus encourage sustainable development.

National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) – Aajeevika

The Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) / NRLM a self-employment programme implemented since April 1999 aims at lifting the assisted rural poor families (swarozgaris) above the poverty line by providing them income-generating assets through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy. The rural poor are organized into self-help groups (SHGs) and their capacities are built through training and skill development.

Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)

The SJSRY launched on 1 December 1997 aims at providing gainful employment to the urban unemployed and underemployed, by encouraging them to set up self-employment ventures or creating wage employment opportunities.

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Bibliography : NIOS – Economics

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