Have you ever thought of why some states in India are performing much better than others in certain areas?
- Why do Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh prosper in agriculture and horticulture?
- Why are Maharashtra and Gujarat industrially more advanced than others?
- How come Kerala, popularly known as ‘God’s own country’, has excelled in literacy, health care and sanitation and also attracts tourists in such large numbers?
- Why does Karnataka’s information technology industry attract world attention?
It is all because these states have better infrastructure in the areas they excel than other states of India.
- Some have better irrigation facilities.
- Others have better transportation facilities, or are located near ports which makes raw materials required for various manufacturing industries easily accessible.
- Cities like Bangalore in Karnataka attract many multinational companies because they provide world-class communication facilities.
All these support structures, which facilitate development of a country, constitute its infrastructure.
What then is infrastructure?
Infrastructure provides supporting services in the main areas of –
- industrial and agricultural production,
- domestic and foreign trade and commerce.
These services include –
- power stations,
- oil and gas pipelines,
- telecommunication facilities,
- the country’s educational system including schools and colleges,
- health system including hospitals,
- sanitary system including clean drinking water facilities and
- the monetary system including banks, insurance and other financial institutions.
Some of these facilities have a direct impact on the working of the system of production while others give indirect support by building the social sector of the economy.
Some divide infrastructure into two categories — economic and social.
- Infrastructure associated with energy, transportation and communication are included in the economic category;
- whereas those related to education, health and housing are included in the social category.
Bibliography : NCERT – Indian Economic Development