The Modern State is considered to be a state for the welfare of the people. It is therefore, suggested that it should have a government of a particular form with appropriate powers and functions.
The document containing laws and rules which determine and describe the form of the government, the relationship between the citizens and the government, is called a Constitution.
As such a constitution is concerned with two main aspects the relation between –
- the different levels of government and
- the government and the citizens.
A constitution is the basic fundamental law of a State.
- It lays down the objectives of the State which it has to achieve.
- It provides for the constitutional framework that is, various structures and organs of the governments at different levels.
- It describes the rights and duties of the citizens.
- It is considered to be the basis for the governance of the country both in terms of goals and objectives as also their structures and functions.
The Constitution of India was framed by a Constituent Assembly.
- This Assembly was an indirectly elected body.
- It had laid down certain ideals to be included in the Constitution.
- These ideals included commitment to democracy, guarantee to all the people of India – Justice, equality and freedom.
- It had also proclaimed that India will be a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic.
The Constitution of India begins with a Preamble. The Preamble contains the ideals, objectives and basic principles of the Constitution. The salient features of the Constitution have evolved directly and indirectly from these objectives which flow from the Preamble.
Bibliography : NIOS – Political Science