Dry Tropical Vegetation


This type of vegetation is divided into two groups as under –

(a) Dry Tropical Deciduous Vegetation is found in regions receiving annual rainfall between 70 to 100 cms.

  • These regions include parts of Uttar Pradesh, northern and western Madhya Pradesh, parts of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
  • These areas experience a long dry season and a moderate rainfall limited at best to four months.

The important characteristics of this vegetation are –

  • (i) Stretches of open grass are most common between group of trees. Teak is the dominant tree of this type of vegetation.
  • (ii) The trees shed their leaves during the long dry season.

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(b) Dry Tropical Thorny Vegetation is found in areas receiving annual rainfall less than 70 cms.

  • These areas include north and northwestern parts of India and leeward side of the Sahyadris.

The important characteristics of this type of vegetation are –

  • (i) Vast, poor and coarse grasslands are interspersed with widely spaced trees and bushes.
  • (ii) Acacia, euphorbias, cactus etc. are true representatives of this type of vegetation.
  • (iii) Wild palm and spiny and thorny varieties are also found here and there.

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Bibliography : NIOS Geography Book

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