This type of vegetation is divided into two groups as under –
(a) Dry Tropical Deciduous Vegetation is found in regions receiving annual rainfall between 70 to 100 cms.
- These regions include parts of Uttar Pradesh, northern and western Madhya Pradesh, parts of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
- These areas experience a long dry season and a moderate rainfall limited at best to four months.
The important characteristics of this vegetation are –
- (i) Stretches of open grass are most common between group of trees. Teak is the dominant tree of this type of vegetation.
- (ii) The trees shed their leaves during the long dry season.
(b) Dry Tropical Thorny Vegetation is found in areas receiving annual rainfall less than 70 cms.
- These areas include north and northwestern parts of India and leeward side of the Sahyadris.
The important characteristics of this type of vegetation are –
- (i) Vast, poor and coarse grasslands are interspersed with widely spaced trees and bushes.
- (ii) Acacia, euphorbias, cactus etc. are true representatives of this type of vegetation.
- (iii) Wild palm and spiny and thorny varieties are also found here and there.
Bibliography : NIOS Geography Book